Actionable per se

The very act is punishable and no proof of damage is required.

Ad hoc

For the particular end or case at hand.

Amicus Curiae

A friend of court or member of the Bar who is appointed to assist the Court.

Bona fide

In good faith.


A caution registered with the public court to indicate to the officials that they are not to act in the matter mentioned in the caveat without first giving notice to the caveator.

Caveat actor

Let the doer beware.

Caveat emptor

Let the buyer beware.

In status quo

In the present state.

Jus in personam

Right against a specific person.

Jus in rem

Right against the world at large.

Jus non scriptum

Customary law.

Jus scriptum

Written law.


Law or right.

Locus standi

Right of a party to an action to appear and be heard by the court.


Ban or order not to allow something to become law,even if it has been passed by a parliament.

Vice versa

Reverse position.


Voluntarily giving up or removing the conditions.

Caveat venditor

Let the seller beware.


A writ by which orders passed by an inferior court is quashed.

Damnum sine injuria

Damage without injury.

De facto

In fact.

De jure

By law.

De novo

To make something anew.


Statement of law made by judge in the course of the decision but not necessary to the decision itself.

Mala fide

In bad faith.


We command. A writ of command issued by a Higher Court to Government/Public Authority, to compel the performance of a public duty.

Mens rea

Guilty mind.


A wrong or inaccurate name or term.

Modus operandi

Way of working.

Modus Vivendi

Way of living.

Res ipsa loquitor

The thing speaks for itself.

Status quo

State of things as they are now.

Sine die

“with no day”(indefinitely)

Vis major

Act of God.

Volenti non fit injuria

Damage suffered by consent gives no cause of action.


Tort of wrongfully holding goods which belong to someone else.

Denatio mortis causa

Gift because of death.


Prevented from denying.

Ex parte

Proceedings in the absence of the other party.

Ex gratia

As a favour.

Ex officio

Because of an office held.


Transaction in which a new contact is agreed by all parties to replace an existing contract.

Onus probandi

Burden of proof.

Per se

By itself

Prima facie

At first sight.


Money which the court orders a man to pay regularly to a woman with whom he has been living and from whom he is separated.


Beyond human foresight.

Factum probans

Relevant fact.

Functus officio

No longer having power or jurisdiction.

Habeas corpus

A writ to have the body of a person to be brought in before the judge.

Injuria sine damno

Injury without damage.

Ipso facto

By the mere fact.

In promptu

In readiness.

In lieu of

Instead of.

In personam

A proceeding in which relief I sought against a specific person.


Spoken words which are defamatory because they have a double meaning.

Per curiam

By a court.

Per incuriam

Because of lack of care.

Quo warranto

By what authority. A writ calling upon one to show under what authority he holds or claims a public office.

Ratio decidendi

Principle or reason underlying a court judgement.



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